UPDATE 1-Brazil posts first trade surplus in three months

martes 1 de abril de 2014 15:05 GYT

(Adds trade data and context)

BRASILIA, April 1 (Reuters) - Brazil posted a trade surplus of $112 million in March, recovering after two straight monthly deficits but still well below historical levels.

Brazil's trade balance has been hit hard by rising fuel imports and a drop in the price of iron ore and some other key exports. A sharp depreciation of the Argentinian peso has also curbed manufacturing exports to the neighboring country.

The surplus was in line with market expectations of $100 million, according to the median forecast of 19 analysts surveyed by Reuters. The country posted a deficit of $2.13 billion in February.

The commodities exporter posted a surplus of $162.6 million in March of 2013, but from 2002 till 2012 its trade surplus averaged $2 billion for that month.

The shrinking trade surplus is eroding Brazil's external balance, raising the current account gap to 3.69 percent of GDP in February from 2.82 percent in February of 2013. Last year's current account deficit was the biggest since 2001.

A worsening trade balance is a serious challenge for Brazil. The country is struggling with weaker demand for its exports due to a still-subdued global economy, and low productivity among Brazilian manufacturers has made their products less competitive against those of foreign rivals.