UPDATE 1-Colombia oil output to fall a fifth by 2018, producers say

martes 20 de enero de 2015 14:44 GYT

(Recasts with background and details; adds byline)

By Peter Murphy

BOGOTA Jan 20 (Reuters) - Colombia's oil output is expected to fall by more than a fifth by 2018 as companies cut back spending on exploration and production after the recent plunge in crude prices, the ACP association of oil producers said on Tuesday.

Average daily oil output will rise by 3 percent in 2015 to 1.02 million barrels, ACP chief Jose Lloreda told reporters. But it will then fall in 2016 by 100,000 barrels per day, or about 10 percent, from the current average of 1 million bpd, he added.

Production will slide to around 785,000 bpd on average by 2018, about a fifth less than now, Lloreda said, adding the drop may be less severe if crude prices rise and if the government adopts measures to assist the sector.

Brent crude oil was trading at $48.75 on Tuesday. It has fallen by more than half since June, when it was $116 a barrel, prompting producers to cut spending.

"This year it is feasible to maintain production above 1 million barrels. From 2016, what we forecast is a continual drop in crude production in the country," Lloreda said.

Falling prices for Colombia's most valuable export are bad news for the Andean country on several fronts: denting public finances and throwing up a new obstacle in its struggle to raise worryingly low oil reserves.

More than half of Colombia's crude oil is produced by state-run Ecopetrol, whose shares fell about 45 percent last year as output fell. Colombia-focused Pacific Rubiales , listed in Toronto, is the largest private-sector producer.   Continuación...