High share of care work keeps Indian women out of economy-McKinsey
By Nita Bhalla
NEW DELHI, Nov 3 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Women in India do almost 10 times as much unpaid work as men - a much higher ratio than the global average - leaving them out of the formal workforce and unable to contribute to the economy, consultancy firm McKinsey said in a new report.
Women are responsible for 17 percent of India's GDP, much less than in many nations, the McKinsey Global Institute said. China's women account for 41 percent of GDP, those in sub-Saharan Africa 39 percent and women in Latin America 33 percent.
"The below-potential contribution of women to India's GDP today ... contrasts with their higher share of unpaid care work such as cooking, cleaning, and taking care of children and older members of the family," said the report, released on Monday.
"Globally, women spend roughly three times the amount of time spent by men on unpaid work. In India, the situation is more extreme - women perform 9.8 times the amount of unpaid care work than men."
If that unpaid work were to be valued and compensated in the same way as paid work, it would contribute $300 billion a year to India's economic output, it added.
WIDE VARIATIONS IN GENDER PARITY
Using a new index to measure gender parity across India's states, McKinsey found that Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand had inequality levels similar to impoverished Chad and war-torn Yemen. Continuación...