6 MIN. DE LECTURA
(Repeats Friday item)
* Emerging stocks lagged developed markets in past 5 years
* Convincing reversal still some way off
* But emerging funds began drawing new money in mid Oct
* UBS cites attractive valuations, signs economies stabilising
By Sujata Rao
LONDON, Nov 6 (Reuters) - After several false dawns in emerging market equities, some big asset managers reckon it could be time to start buying even if the sector's recent rally looks fragile.
Once-booming emerging markets have underperformed their developed peers for five years running. Investors who bought into the sector five years ago would be sitting on a 6 percent loss now if they tracked MSCI's benchmark index. By contrast, an investment following the U.S. S&P500 would have returned 13 percent, asset manager Blackrock notes.
A convincing reversal on emerging markets is still some way off. Morgan Stanley data showed this week that companies in the sector will miss analysts' earnings forecasts for the 12th quarter out of the past 14. Many big emerging economies such as Brazil and Russia are in recession while growth in others has slipped to multi-year lows.
Nevertheless, some funds are cautiously upping their allocations. UBS Wealth Management, for instance, has gone neutral weight on emerging markets after being underweight for more than a year. That means its allocations are now on par with emerging stocks' weight in world benchmark indexes.
"It is not yet time for emerging market bulls to run loose, but a more balanced stance may be warranted," said Jorge Mariscal, the company's head of the EM investment office.
Investors worldwide pared net underweight positions on emerging market (EM) stocks to 28 percent in October from a record 34 percent the previous month, according to Bank of America Merrill Lynch's monthly survey.
Emerging equities rose 7 percent last month after five straight months in the red. Hints of more central bank money-printing to stimulate the economies of Japan and the euro zone helped, as did a belief that U.S. interest rates may not rise this year. So far in November the MSCI benchmark index is up almost 2 percent.
Emerging equity funds started receiving new money in mid-October following $50 billion in outflows in July-September, although flows have since stalled after hitting 16-week highs at the end of last month.
UBS Wealth Management said "attractive" stock valuations and tentative signs of stabilisation in data from emerging economies had encouraged the change. Bearish positions had hit extremes in markets such as Brazil where UBS has raised holdings to prepare for a bounce.
The index as a whole trades around 11 times forward earnings of its constituent stocks. This is off lows hit in recent years but considerably cheaper than developed market valuations of almost 16 times earnings, as this graphic shows:
Cheap share prices are probably justified, given the four-year recession in emerging corporate earnings, but 10-30 percent depreciations of most emerging currencies against the dollar this year mean that economic adjustment in many countries is already underway, some argue.
Gerardo Rodriguez, Blackrock's head of multi-asset emerging markets, said his top investment idea is to raise EM equity holdings versus developed markets, betting that as the U.S. economy picks up, many emerging economies will ride along.
"Looking at valuation metrics, there is clearly an interesting entry opportunity, especially against developed markets which have been rallying for years," Rodriguez said. "We are saying it is time to look again at EM ... It is time to at least go back to benchmark (weight)".
But after the false starts over the past five years, fund managers are wary of big positions in a sector that is so tied to the fortunes Chinese economic growth, world trade and U.S. interest rates.
For instance, emerging stocks took a hit on Friday as strong U.S. employment data encouraged those who believe the Federal Reserve will raise borrowing costs next month for the first time in almost a decade.
So while some money has trickled back, Bank of America Merrill Lynch estimates that for every $100 redeemed from emerging equity funds over the summer, only $2 has returned.
"This doesn't feel like a structural rebound. That will happen at some point but we will have to see relative valuations lower than now, company earnings have to come through and countries have to work on reforms," said Ayesha Akbar, portfolio manager in Fidelity Worldwide Investments' multi-asset team.
However, in a tactical move Akbar recently reduced her long-standing underweight in emerging stocks. "We don't think China is out of the woods yet but at the margins things could be stabilising.," she said. "That provides some comfort."
A fully-fledged rebound depends on economic fortunes, and here there are signs of stabilisation in some markets. Russian manufacturing expanded in October for the first time in 11 months while the sector's growth hit multi-month highs in India and Mexico.
Capital Economics said its GDP tracker, based on monthly output and spending data, showed that the downturns in Russia and Latin America had levelled out. China has stabilised and should gather momentum due to monetary policy easing, it added.
But exports, a driver of emerging market earnings and economic growth, remain in the doldrums. World demand for the commodities which many emerging economies produce is unlikely to rebound, while goods exports also remain weak. South Korea, a bellwether for global demand, expects its exports to continue falling this quarter.
Because of these factors, shares are not yet so cheap that it is possible to "close your eyes and buy", says John Bilton, global head of multi-asset strategy at JPMorgan Asset Management. He still prefers developed markets over emerging, albeit "in reduced size" compared with before. (editing by David Stamp)