4 MIN. DE LECTURA
* Euro up, European shares slump as ECB measures disappoint
* Wall St falls, U.S. dollar has biggest decline in years
* Oil jumps after report Saudi Arabia to call for OPEC cut (Updates to U.S. afternoon trading, changes byline, dateline; previous LONDON)
By Sinead Carew
NEW YORK, Dec 3 (Reuters) - U.S. and European equity markets slumped on Thursday and the euro enjoyed its biggest one-day percentage rise since March 2009 on investor disappointment over the European Central Bank's latest policy easing measures.
The ECB cut its deposit rate by the minimum 0.1 percentage point most traders had expected, to -0.3 percent, and extended its asset purchase program but did not increase the amount of government bonds it buys each month.
Oil futures jumped on speculation ahead of an OPEC meeting on Friday. Stocks on Wall Street had initially risen at the open, but then sharply fell as trading progressed.
The euro surged 3 percent against the dollar, while government bond yields rose. Speculators as of last week had amassed the largest short position in the euro since May in anticipation of more ECB stimulus. Shorter term two-year German bonds had their sharpest gain since 2011.
"Markets are still trying to digest the implications of the ECB disappointing market expectations," said Steven Englander, head of G10 foreign exchange strategy at Citi in New York. "The market is taking the message that the ECB will be less willing to ease down the road as well."
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 186.03 points, or 1.05 percent, to 17,543.65, the S&P 500 lost 24.25 points, or 1.17 percent, to 2,055.26 and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 75.05 points, or 1.46 percent, to 5,048.17.
European shares saw their biggest one-day drop in more than three months. The FTSEurofirst dropped 3.3 percent, the index's biggest daily drop since Aug. 24, as trading screens went red across the region.
The news also pushed up yields on U.S. Treasuries along with rising European yields. The yield on the 2-year note rose to 0.99 percent, its highest since April 2010. U.S. benchmark 10-year Treasury notes were last down 1-13/32 in price to yield 2.336 percent, up from a yield of 2.180 percent on Wednesday.
The dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of major currencies, was down about 2 percent in afternoon trading in its biggest one-day percentage decline since March 2009.
"The (ECB) commentary clearly caught people by surprise. I think most currency traders were short the euro and long the dollar, expecting different commentary from chairman (Mario) Draghi," said Michael James, managing director of equity trading at Wedbush Securities in Los Angeles.
The ECB news overshadowed Federal Reserve chief Janet Yellen's suggestion on Thursday that the central bank would raise interest rates for the first time in a decade at the Fed's policy meeting later this month.
Gold was up 0.9 percent, rebounding from a more 6 year low earlier in the session.
Crude futures surged, lifted by the weaker dollar and a report sourced to a senior OPEC delegate that Saudi Arabia would next year propose a deal to balance oil markets with non-OPEC help. But oil-producing countries looked unlikely to reach a deal to lift languishing prices at an OPEC meeting on Friday after Iran, Iraq and Russia swiftly rejected a surprise proposal that appeared to have been floated by Saudi Arabia.
Short-covering after Wednesday's price slump of more than 4 percent also helped Brent and U.S. crude futures rebound. U.S. crude settled up 2.85 percent at $41.08 a barrel and Brent rose 3.4 percent to $43.92.
Additional reporting by Lewis Krauskopf and Sam Forgione in New York, Marc Jones and Sudip Kar-Gupta in London; Editing by Bernadette Baum